Physicians define Osteoporosis as the thinning of bone tissue. On its own, Osteoporosis tends not to cause pain, and generally occurs naturally with age. Imbalances with the Metabolism, genetics and medication complications can also contribute to Osteoporosis, which most commonly affects the thoracic and lumbar segments of the spine. Vertebral compression fractures can occur when the bone weakens and no longer supports the load previously held by it. Osteoporosis in the spine can cause back pain and deformity that leads to a hunched back or shortened height. Compression fractures in osteoporotic vertebrae can cause extreme pain.

What are the Symptoms of Osteoporosis?

While not painful by itself, Osteoporosis may lead to spinal fractures that can cause back pain. Fractures may also cause spinal deformity that can lead to a hunched back. Osteoporosis is the thinning of bone. It is generally associated with aging. Metabolic imbalance, genetics and medications are also factors. Osteopenia is a lesser form of this condition and, if not treated, may progress to the more serious osteoporosis.

What are the Treatments for Osteoporosis?

Treatments of osteoporosis include supplementation with calcium and Vitamin D. Weight-bearing exercise, including walking, is extremely important to build stronger bones. Certain medications such as bisphosphonates, reloxifene, and parathyroid hormone are available to prevent, reduce or treat osteoporosis. Other medications may be used if the osteoporosis is determined to be related to a more general medical condition. It is important to discuss treatment options with your doctor in deciding which treatment, if any, may be best for you.